Both impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are pre-diabetic states. IGT was defined as having normal fasting plasma glucose (< 6.1 mmol/1) and abnormal 2-hr post-challenge plasma glucose. IFG was defined as having abnormal fasting plasma and normal 2-hr post-challenge plasma glucose (< 7.8 mmol/1). To explore whether these two abnormalities share similar underlying pathophysiologies, we evaluated risk factors of IGT and IFT using the models of factor analysis. The present study included 107 subjects with IGT and 52 with IFG. An oral glucose tolerance test and insulin suppression test, which could quantify insulin resistance, were performed on separate days. The risk factors include waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting plasma glucose, which are associated with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Factor analysis is a commonly used statistical method that could reduce a large number of risk factors into smaller numbers of groups, also called dimension. Accordingly, the complicated data could be interpreted more easily, since the related risk factors are grouped in one dimension. The results showed that the risk factors of IGT and IFG have similar grouping patterns. Triglyceride, insulin resistance, and HDL-cholesterol were grouped in one dimension (the lipid dimension), while WHR, mean blood pressure and fasting plasma glucose were grouped in another dimension (the metabolic dimension). In conclusion; except for WHR, the grouping patterns of the components in both IGT and IFG were nearly identical. These results suggest that IGT and IFG may share similar pathophysiologies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)