Impacts of stroke and cognitive impairment on activities of daily living in the Taiwan longitudinal study on aging

Pi Hsia Lee, Ting Ting Yeh, Hsin Yen Yen, Wan Ling Hsu, Valeria Jia Yi Chiu, Shu Chun Lee

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Stroke and cognitive impairment are common in older population. They often occur together and their combined effects significantly increase disability in both basic (BADLs) and instrumental (IADLs) activities of daily living. We investigated the individual and combined impacts of stroke and cognitive impairment on BADLs and IADLs. A total of 3331 community-dwelling older adults were enrolled from the Taiwan longitudinal study on aging in 2011. Both BADLs and IADLs were analyzed. Combination of stroke and cognitive impairment increased severity of ADL disabilities, but similar prevalence, similar numbers of summed BADL and IADL tasks with disability, and similar levels of difficulty for each BADL and IADL task were found between the stroke group and cognitive impairment group. The former had more difficult in dressing while the latter had more difficult in using the telephone, transport, and managing finances. A hierarchy of ADLs was also observed in all groups. ADL skill training supplemented with cognitive and physical interventions should focus on secondary prevention of dementia and improve motor functional capacity to reduce loss of ADLs.

原文英語
文章編號12199
期刊Scientific Reports
11
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 多學科

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