Impact of urbanization and sunlight exposure on cataract incidence

Wan Syuan Yu, Chia Hui Wang, Nai Wen Kuo

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

The impact of urbanization on cataract incidence is still inconclusive. This study aimed to examine the association of urbanization and sunlight exposure with cataract incidence using a nationwide population-based database in Taiwan. The researchers used data retrieved from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database from 2001 to 2010 (LHID2010). The LHID2010 consists of medical claims data for reimbursement for 1 million individuals randomly selected from all enrollees (N = 23.25 million) in the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) program in 2010. For adults aged over 40, we identified a total of 3080 people diagnosed with senile cataracts (ICD-9:360) and 393,241 people without senile cataracts in the LHID2010. In addition, sunlight exposure data between 2001 and 2011 were obtained from 28 meteorological stations of the Taiwan Central Weather Bureau. Logistic regression was performed to test the hypothesis. When controlled for the confounding factors, such as demographic factors, comorbidities, and sunlight exposure, the logistic regression results showed that those living in highly urbanized areas are more likely to suffer from senile cataracts (p < 0.001).

原文英語
文章編號8137
期刊Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
11
發行號17
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 九月 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科學(全部)
  • 儀器
  • 工程 (全部)
  • 製程化學與技術
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 流體流動和轉移過程

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