Hypoxia and Reoxygenation of the Lung Tissues Induced mRNA Expressions of Superoxide Dismutase and Catalase and Interventions From Different Antioxidants

C. Y. Shen, J. F. Lee, C. L. Su, D. Wang, C. F. Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

13 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective: Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is a well-known phenomenon to temporarily offset a ventilation/perfusion mismatch. Sustained HPV may lead to pulmonary hypertension. In this protocol, we studied the relationships between the HPV response and oxygen radical release after hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) challenge in an isolated perfused lung model. Materials and Methods: We used an in situ isolated rat lung preparation. Two hypoxic challenges (5% CO2-95% N2) were administered for 10 minutes each with administration of antioxidants of superoxide dismutase (SOD; 2 mg/kg), catalase (20,000 IU/kg), dimethylthiourea (DMTU; 100 mg/kg), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO; 1 mL/kg), or allopurinol (30 mg/kg) between 2 challenges. We measured pulmonary arterial pressure changes before, during, and after H/R challenge. We measured blood concentration changes in hydroxyl radicals and nitric oxide (NO) before and after H/R. mRNA expressions of SOD and catalase in lung tissue were measured after the experiments. Results: Hypoxia induced pulmonary vasoconstriction by increasing pulmonary arterial pressure and consecutive hypoxic challenges did not show tachyphylaxis. Blood concentrations of hydroxyl radicals and NO increased significantly after H/R challenges. mRNA expressions of SOD and catalase increased significantly, however, neither SOD nor catalase showed attenuated effects on HPV responses. Small molecules of DMTU, DMSO, and allopurinol attenuated the HPV responses. Conclusions: H/R induced increases in the expressions of SOD and catalase in lung tissues. DMTU, DMSO, and allopurinol antioxidants attenuated the HPV responses by reducing the oxygen radical release.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2182-2184
頁數3
期刊Transplantation Proceedings
40
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 9月 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 手術
  • 移植

指紋

深入研究「Hypoxia and Reoxygenation of the Lung Tissues Induced mRNA Expressions of Superoxide Dismutase and Catalase and Interventions From Different Antioxidants」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此