Hypocalcemic seizure mistaken for idiopathic epilepsy in two cases of DiGeorge syndrome (chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome)

Pei L. Tsai, Li Ming Lian, Wei Hung Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome, which is synonymous with DiGeorge syndrome, is a congenital anomaly characterized by abnormal facies, congenital heart defects, hypoparathyroidism with hypocalcemia, and immunodeficiency. Neurological manifestations of the chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome are variable, and include mental deficiency, speech disturbances, learning difficulties, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and epilepsy. Hypoparathyroidism and hypocalcemia cause recurrent seizures if patients are not properly treated. We present two patients with poorly controlled epileptic seizures that turned out to be caused by DiGeorge syndrome with hypocalcemia. For such patients, the definitive treatment of seizures depends on recognition of this syndrome and correction of the hypocalcemic state, rather than the use of anticonvulsants.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)272-275
頁數4
期刊Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
18
發行號4
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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