Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in the world. Genome-wide association studies are a powerful method to analyze the status of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in specific genes. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) were found to be involved in the cancer progression and chemoresistance. However, there is still no further study about polymorphisms of HSP beta-1 (HSPB1) in colorectal cancer. We proposed the SNP of HSPB1 may be correlated with the progression and metastasis in colon cancer. Methods: We recruited 379 colorectal cancer patients and categorized as four stages following the UICC TNM system. Then, we selected tagging SNPs of HSPB1 by 10% minimum allelic frequency in Han Chinese population from the HapMap database and analyze with the Chi-square test. Results: We demonstrated the association of HSPB1 genetic polymorphisms rs2070804 with tumor depth with colorectal cancer. But, there is a lack of association between HSPB1 genetic polymorphisms and colorectal cancer invasion, recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions: The polymorphisms of HSPB1 seemed to change the tumor behavior of colorectal cancer. HSPB1 rs2070804 polymorphism is associated with the depth of the primary tumor. But, there is no further correlation with other to the clinical parameters such as cancer invasiveness, local recurrence, or distant metastasis.
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