The localization of the sympathetic postganglionic neurons innervating the cat heart has been investigated by using retrograde axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). HRP was injected into the subepicardial layers of 4 different cardiac regions. The animals were sacrificed 72-96 h later and fixed by perfusion via the left ventricle. The paravertebral sympathetic ganglia from the superior cervical, middle cervical and stellate ganglia to T10 ganglia were removed and processed for HRP identification. Following injections of HRP into the apex of the heart, the sinoatrial (SA) nodal region and the ventral wall of the right ventricle, we observed that HRP-labeled sympathetic neurons were localized predominantly in the right stellate ganglia, and to a lesser extent, in the right superior and middle cervical ganglia, and left stellate ganglia. Fewer labeled cells were found in the right T4-T6. T8 and T9. After HRP injection into the dorsal wall of the left ventricle, HRP-labeled cells were present mainly in the left stellate ganglia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology