Background-Fabry disease is a treatable lysosomal storage disorder, which is often misdiagnosed or belatedly diagnosed. Methods and Results-To determine the disease incidence in the Taiwan Chinese population, a Fabry disease newborn screening study was initiated. A total of 110 027 newborns were screened by assaying the α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) activity using dry blood spots. Low plasma α-Gal A activity and presence of a Fabry mutation was demonstrated in 45 neonates (3 females). Eight different mutations were identified, including 3 known missense mutations (R112H, A143T, and R356W), 4 novel missense mutations (G104V, M296L, G360C, and K391T), and one known intronic mutation (IVS4+919G3→A). The IVS4+919G3→A mutation was most common (82% of patients). A total of 20 maternal grandparents of infants harboring this intronic mutation were evaluated by echocardiography, mutation analysis and α-Gal A activity assay. The intronic mutation was found in 9 grandfathers and 11 grandmothers. Of these grandparents, 3 grandfathers (33%) but none of the grandmothers had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Additionally, 16 males who had been diagnosed with idiopathic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were screened by mutation analysis and α-Gal A activity; 4 (25%) showed deficient plasma α-Gal A activity in combination with the intronic mutation. Conclusion-We found an unexpected high prevalence of the cardiac variant Fabry mutation IVS4+919G3→A among both newborns (=1 in 1600 males) and patients with idiopathic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the Taiwan Chinese population. The early identification of undiagnosed patients allows timely therapeutic intervention providing a better clinical outcome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine