Background: Intraoperative CT-guided navigation (iCT-navigation) has been reported to improve the accuracy and safety of transpedicular screw placement in primary spinal surgery. However, due to a disrupted bony anatomy and scarring tissue, revision spinal surgery can be challenging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and safety of iCT-navigation for screw placement at the virgin site versus the revision site in revision thoracolumbar spinal surgery. Method: In total, 254 screws were inserted in 27 revision surgeries, in which 114 (44.9%) screws were inserted at the site with previous laminectomy or posterolateral fusion (the revision site), 64 (25.2%) were inserted at the virgin site, and 76 (29.9%) were inserted to replace the pre-existing screws. CT scans were conducted for each patient after all screws were inserted to intraoperatively confirm the screw accuracy. Results: In total, 248 (97.6%) screws were considered accepted. The rate of accepted screws at the virgin site was 98.4% (63/64) versus 95.6% (109/114) at the revision site (p: 0.422). There were six (2.4%) unaccepted screws, which were immediately revised during the same operation. There was no neurological injury noted in our patients. Conclusion: With the use of iCT-navigation, the rate of accepted screws at the revision site was found to be comparable to that at the virgin site. We concluded that iCT-navigation could achieve high accuracy and safety for transpedicular screw placement in revision spinal surgery and allow for the immediate revision of unaccepted screws.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 醫藥 (全部)