Background: Patients with Kawasaki disease (KD), a pediatric systemic vasculitis, may develop coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) as a complication. To investigate the role of glutamate receptors in KD and its CAA development, we performed genetic association studies. Methods and results: We examined the whole family of glutamate receptors by genetic association studies in a Taiwanese cohort of 262 KD patients. We identified glutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 1 (GRIK1) as a novel susceptibility locus associated with CAA formation in KD. Statistically significant differences were noted for factors like fever duration, 1st Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) used time (number of days after the first day of fever) and the GRIK1 (rs466013, rs425507, and rs38700) genetic variants. This significant association persisted even after using multivariate regression analysis (Full model: for rs466013: odds ratio =2.12; 95% CI =1.22-3.65; for rs425507: odds ratio =2.16; 95% CI =1.26-3.76; for rs388700: odds ratio =2.16; 95% CI =1.26-3.76). Conclusions: We demonstrated that GRIK1 polymorphisms are associated CAA formation in KD, even when adjusted for fever duration and IVIG used time, and may also serve as a genetic marker for the CAA formation in KD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)