Gender difference of childhood overweight and obesity in predicting the risk of incident asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Y. C. Chen, G. H. Dong, K. C. Lin, Y. L. Lee

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧型文獻同行評審

152 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The aims of our meta-analysis were (i) to quantify the predictability of childhood overweight and obesity on the risk of incident asthma; and (ii) to evaluate the gender difference on this relationship. The selection criteria included prospective cohort paediatric studies which use age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) as a measure of childhood overweight and the primary outcome of incident asthma. A total of 1,027 studies were initially identified through online database searches, and finally 6 studies met the inclusion criteria. The combined result of reported relative risk from the 6 included studies revealed that overweight children conferred increased risks of incident asthma as compared with non-overweight children (relative risk, 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.37). The relationship was further elevated for obesity vs. non-obesity (relative risk, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.16-3.50). A dose-responsiveness of elevated BMI on asthma incidence was observed (P for trend, 0.004). Obese boys had a significantly larger effect than obese girls (relative risk, boys: 2.47; 95% CI, 1.57-3.87; girls: 1.25; 95% CI, 0.51-3.03), with significant dose-dependent effect. Proposed mechanisms of gender difference could be through pulmonary mechanics, sleep disordered breathing and leptin. Further research might be needed to better understand the exact mechanism of gender difference on the obesity-asthma relationship.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)222-231
頁數10
期刊Obesity Reviews
14
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 3月 1 2013
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康

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