Multifunctional nanoplatforms combined with photodynamic therapy (PDT) and anticancer drugs have shown great promising in cancer therapy. However, their efficacy is limited by the low specificity, low oxygen levels, and a tolerant tumor immune microenvironment. Herein, we developed a biocompatible theranostic nanoplatform (FM@VP) based on co-assembly of a nanocomplex formed by a functional polysaccharide fucoidan and a bioreducible polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer, a photosensitizer verteporfin (VP), and MnO2 nanoparticles (a tumor microenvironment responsive oxygen evolving nanomaterial) into a multifunctional nanoparticle cluster. The dendrimer-fucoidan polyionic nanocomplex (DFPN) specifically targeted P-selectin-overexpressed triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and the tumor-associated vasculature, and was sensitive to glutathione (GSH) in tumor. More importantly, this FM@VP nanocomplex simultaneously overcame tumor hypoxia, suppressed oncogenic signaling, and attenuated tumor-mediated immunosuppression, resulting in improving therapeutic efficacy of PDT while enhancing antitumor immunity and anti-metastasis. This discovery provides a powerful strategy for synergetic cancer targeting/photodynamic/immunotherapy and could serve as a safe clinical translational approach.
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 十月 2020|
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