Formulation of novel lipid-coated magnetic nanoparticles as the probe for in vivo imaging

Huey Chung Huang, Po Yuan Chang, Karen Chang, Chao Yu Chen, Chung Wu Lin, Jyh Horng Chen, Chung Yuan Mou, Zee Fen Chang, Fu Hsiung Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

43 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background. Application of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) as the contrast agent has improved the quality of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Low efficiency of loading the commercially available iron oxide nanoparticles into cells and the cytotoxicity of previously formulated complexes limit their usage as the image probe. Here, we formulated new cationic lipid nanoparticles containing SPIOs feasible for in vivo imaging. Methods. Hydrophobic SPIOs were incorporated into cationic lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-3- (trimethylammonium) propane (DOTAP) and polyethylene-glycol-2000-1,2-distearyl- 3-sn-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-DSPE) based micelles by self-assembly procedure to form lipid-coated SPIOs (L-SPIOs). Trace amount of Rhodamine-dioleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (Rhodamine-DOPE) was added as a fluorescent indicator. Particle size and zeta potential of L-SPIOs were determined by Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV), respectively. HeLa, PC-3 and Neuro-2a cells were tested for loading efficiency and cytotoxicity of L-SPIOs using fluorescent microscopy, Prussian blue staining and flow cytometry. L-SPIO-loaded CT-26 cells were tested for in vivo MR imaging. Results. The novel formulation generates L-SPIOs particle with the average size of 46 nm. We showed efficient cellular uptake of these L-SPIOs with cationic surface charge into HeLa, PC-3 and Neuro-2a cells. The L-SPIO-loaded cells exhibited similar growth potential as compared to unloaded cells, and could be sorted by a magnet stand over ten-day duration. Furthermore, when SPIO-loaded CT-26 tumor cells were injected into Balb/c mice, the growth status of these tumor cells could be monitored using optical and MR images. Conclusion. We have developed a novel cationic lipid-based nanoparticle of SPIOs with high loading efficiency, low cytotoxicity and long-term imaging signals. The results suggested these newly formulated non-toxic lipid-coated magnetic nanoparticles as a versatile image probe for cell tracking.

原文英語
文章編號86
期刊Journal of Biomedical Science
16
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2009
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 分子生物學
  • 臨床生物化學
  • 細胞生物學
  • 生物化學(醫學)
  • 藥學(醫學)

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