First-Person Neuroscience: A new methodological approach for linking mental and neuronal states

Georg Northoff, Alexander Heinzel

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45 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Though the brain and its neuronal states have been investigated extensively, the neural correlates of mental states remain to be determined. Since mental states are experienced in first-person perspective and neuronal states are observed in third-person perspective, a special method must be developed for linking both states and their respective perspectives. We suggest that such method is provided by First-Person Neuroscience. What is First-Person Neuroscience? We define First-Person Neuroscience as investigation of neuronal states under guidance of and on orientation to mental states. An empirical example of such methodological approach is demonstrated by an fMRI study on emotions. It is shown that third- and first-person analysis of data yield different results. First-person analysis reveals neural activity in cortical midline structures during subjective emotional experience. Based on these and other results neural processing in cortical midline structures is hypothesized to be crucially involved in generating mental states. Such direct linkage between first- and third-person approaches to analysis of neural data allows insight into the "point of view from within the brain", that is what we call the First-Brain Perspective. In conclusion, First-Person Neuroscience and First-Brain Perspective provide valuable methodological tools for revealing the neuronal correlate of mental states.
原文英語
文章編號3
期刊Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine
1
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 3月 17 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 健康政策
  • 科學史與哲學
  • 問題、倫理和法律方面

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