Background: The prevalence rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been reported in 74 to 90% of morbidly obese patients. This study aims to develop a scoring system that predicts significant liver fibrosis in morbidly obese patients. Methods: This prospective cohort study involved 123 morbidly obese patients who underwent metabolic surgery at Taipei Medical University Hospital between October 2016 and June 2018. Wedge liver biopsy was performed during surgery, and significant liver fibrosis was defined as a fibrosis score ≧ 2. Ultrasonography and transient elastography were performed prior to surgery to assess the risk factors associated with significant liver fibrosis. Results: Mean patient age was 35.5 years, mean body mass index (BMI) was 40.6 kg/m2, and 87 (70.7%) were female. Fibrosis staging revealed 28 (22.8%) at stage 2, 14 (11.4%) at stage 3, and 2 (1.6%) at stage 4. Patients were then separated into training (n = 73) and validation (n = 50) cohorts. Multivariate analysis revealed a liver stiffness measurement (LSM) > 7 kPa and aspartate aminotransferase/platelet ratio index (APRI) > 0.40 as independent factors associated with significant liver fibrosis among the training cohort. Fibroscan-base score weighted sum of (1 for presence of APRI > 0.40) + (2 for presence of LSM > 7 kPa) yielded the highest area under receiver operating curve (0.854, P = 0.0001; 0.785, P = 0.0002) compared with other non-invasive markers in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. Conclusion: We developed a simple, clinical scoring system incorporating Fibroscan and APRI to predict significant liver fibrosis in morbidly obese patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics