Objectives: Stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) has been increasingly observed after thoracic endovascular aortic repair of aortic dissection. We illustrate the possible mechanism by exploring predictive factors of late distal SINE after hybrid arch elephant trunk repair for aortic dissection. Methods: From November 2006, to May 2011, 20 of 99 patients underwent hybrid arch repair using the elephant trunk graft as the proximal landing zone. After a mean follow-up period of 27.9 ± 12.0 months, 12 patients had late distal SINE events and the others were free of events. False lumen remodeling level was observed and maximal longitudinal diameter, average of longitudinal and transverse maximal diameter, circumference, and area of true lumen were analyzed for precise size selection of stent graft before and after the procedure. Taper ratio, true lumen:aorta ratio, prestent grafting oversizing ratio, poststent grafting oversizing ratio, and expansion mismatch ratio of distal true lumen were proposed and calculated for further evaluation of the mechanism of late distal SINE. Results: Only the area oversizing ratio between true lumen and the distal selected stent graft at the presumed distal end of stent grafting was found as a significant predictive factor of SINE before procedure (4.00 ± 2.96 vs 1.98 ± 0.66 for SINE vs non-SINE, respectively; P =.031). The significant difference of the expansion mismatch ratio of true lumen between the 2 groups was found not only in the size measurement of mean diameter (1.48 ± 0.29 vs 1.22 ± 0.15; P =.039), but also in the area (2.39 ± 0.85 vs 1.58 ± 0.42; P =.031) and circumference (1.43 ± 0.27 vs 1.18 ± 0.14; P =.016) after stent grafting. Conclusions: We found that taper ratio is not an optimal criteria for stent graft size selection and distal oversizing calculated by true-lumen area is a significant factor causing delayed distal SINE. Use of the prestenting area oversizing ratio should be limited.
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