Factors associated with providers’ culturally competent care for sexual and gender minority older adults in Taiwan: A qualitative study applying the social ecological model

Ya Ching Wang, Nae Fang Miao, Frank T.Y. Wang, Shiow Ru Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Background: Sexual and gender minority older adults receive less social support than does the general population, leading to reliance on long-term care services. On May 24, 2019, Taiwan became the first country in Asia to legalise same-sex marriage. Sexual and gender minority older adults are becoming more visible in Taiwanese society. However, healthcare providers' behaviour and intention to offer culturally competent care to sexual and gender minority older adults and factors affecting their behaviour and intention in Asian culture remain unclear. Objective: This study determined factors associated with healthcare providers' behaviour and intention to offer culturally competent care to Taiwanese sexual and gender minority older adults and identified related training requirements. Design: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted. Setting(s): This study recruited participants from 14 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender organisations; long-term care facilities; and community healthcare centres. This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of XXX (Ref. 201811049RIND). Participants: A total of 25 providers were interviewed: 12 nurses, 10 social workers, and 3 staff members from lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender organisations. Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted between May 2019 and September 2019. Interview data were analysed using the socio-ecological model and the constant comparative technique. Findings: Factors associated with the providers' behaviour and intention to offer culturally competent care to sexual and gender minority older adults were categorised by the socio-ecological model level: 1) intrapersonal factors, namely providers' attitudes towards sexual and gender minority older adults, knowledge regarding sexual and gender minority populations, and experiences of providing care for sexual and gender minority older adults; 2) interpersonal factors, namely providers' concerns regarding interactions among staff, sexual and gender minority older adults, nonsexual and gender minority residents, and nonsexual and gender minority residents' families; 3) community factors, namely resources, training courses, and support from managers and organisations; and 4) societal factors, namely social environment and policies. Conclusions: This study identified multilevel factors associated with the providers' cultural competence in caring for sexual and gender minority older adults in Taiwan. These factors may lead to disparities in quality of life and health for sexual and gender minority older adults. Recommendations to address multilevel barriers to reduce health disparities and improving quality of life in sexual and gender minority older adults have been provided.

原文英語
文章編號104331
期刊International Journal of Nursing Studies
135
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 11月 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 護理(全部)

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