Expressions of chemokines and their receptors in the brain after heat stroke-induced cortical damage

Yuh Feng Lin, Tsung Ta Liu, Chou Hui Hu, Chun Chi Chen, Jia Yi Wang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

4 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Despite growing evidence that cytokines and chemokines are expressed in humans and rats after heat stress, the cellular mechanisms underlying the effects on the brain after heatstroke (HS) are not fully understood. In this study, we observed time course changes of chemokines in rat brain tissues and elucidated what kinds of cortical cells were affected after HS. Male SD rats were anesthetized and randomly separated into two groups as follows: (a) normothermic sham and (b) HS rats. Rats were sacrificed at different time points (0, 1, 3, 6, and 12. h after heat exposure, n = 5 in each group) to the end of the experiment in order to extract the mRNA/proteins of cortical tissues. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of sham and HS rats was also collected before sacrifice. In the HS group, an elevated body temperature (Tco. >. 40. °C) and abnormality of cortical cells (e.g., pyknotic nuclei) were observed. When compared to the sham group, expression levels of either mRNAs or proteins of chemokines and their receptors (including CXCL1, MIP2, MCP1, CXCR1, CXCR2, and CCR2) peaked at different time points after heat exposure. We also found that CXCR2 was expressed in the cortex of rat brain and was colocalized with neurons and microglia after HS. Hence, MCP1, MIP2, and CXCR2 might play important roles in the brain after HS, possibly indicating a new direction for treating HS.
原文英語
期刊Journal of Neuroimmunology
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 一月 1 2018

指紋

Heat Stroke
Chemokine Receptors
Brain
Hot Temperature
Chemokines
Messenger RNA
Microglia
Body Temperature
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Proteins
Cytokines
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

引用此文

Expressions of chemokines and their receptors in the brain after heat stroke-induced cortical damage. / Lin, Yuh Feng; Liu, Tsung Ta; Hu, Chou Hui; Chen, Chun Chi; Wang, Jia Yi.

於: Journal of Neuroimmunology, 01.01.2018.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "Despite growing evidence that cytokines and chemokines are expressed in humans and rats after heat stress, the cellular mechanisms underlying the effects on the brain after heatstroke (HS) are not fully understood. In this study, we observed time course changes of chemokines in rat brain tissues and elucidated what kinds of cortical cells were affected after HS. Male SD rats were anesthetized and randomly separated into two groups as follows: (a) normothermic sham and (b) HS rats. Rats were sacrificed at different time points (0, 1, 3, 6, and 12. h after heat exposure, n = 5 in each group) to the end of the experiment in order to extract the mRNA/proteins of cortical tissues. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of sham and HS rats was also collected before sacrifice. In the HS group, an elevated body temperature (Tco. >. 40. °C) and abnormality of cortical cells (e.g., pyknotic nuclei) were observed. When compared to the sham group, expression levels of either mRNAs or proteins of chemokines and their receptors (including CXCL1, MIP2, MCP1, CXCR1, CXCR2, and CCR2) peaked at different time points after heat exposure. We also found that CXCR2 was expressed in the cortex of rat brain and was colocalized with neurons and microglia after HS. Hence, MCP1, MIP2, and CXCR2 might play important roles in the brain after HS, possibly indicating a new direction for treating HS.",
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AB - Despite growing evidence that cytokines and chemokines are expressed in humans and rats after heat stress, the cellular mechanisms underlying the effects on the brain after heatstroke (HS) are not fully understood. In this study, we observed time course changes of chemokines in rat brain tissues and elucidated what kinds of cortical cells were affected after HS. Male SD rats were anesthetized and randomly separated into two groups as follows: (a) normothermic sham and (b) HS rats. Rats were sacrificed at different time points (0, 1, 3, 6, and 12. h after heat exposure, n = 5 in each group) to the end of the experiment in order to extract the mRNA/proteins of cortical tissues. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of sham and HS rats was also collected before sacrifice. In the HS group, an elevated body temperature (Tco. >. 40. °C) and abnormality of cortical cells (e.g., pyknotic nuclei) were observed. When compared to the sham group, expression levels of either mRNAs or proteins of chemokines and their receptors (including CXCL1, MIP2, MCP1, CXCR1, CXCR2, and CCR2) peaked at different time points after heat exposure. We also found that CXCR2 was expressed in the cortex of rat brain and was colocalized with neurons and microglia after HS. Hence, MCP1, MIP2, and CXCR2 might play important roles in the brain after HS, possibly indicating a new direction for treating HS.

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