Exposure of anesthesiologists to nitrous oxide during pediatric anesthesia

Wushou Peter Chang, Chih Wen Kau, Shu Shya Hseu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

15 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is one of the most common inhalation anesthetics in current anesthesiological practice. Even though artificial ventilation and active scavenging in operating theaters are employed in most of the modern hospitals, potential N2O contamination persists in regular anesthesia, particularly pediatric operation. In order to understand personal exposure during pediatric anesthesia, ambient monitoring for N2O exposure around the breathing zone of the anesthesiologist was conducted by a portable infra-red Miran 1B2 spectrophotometer. The results demonstrated that general mask anesthesia generated greatest N2O contamination, with the mean time- weighted-average (TWA) concentrations of 85 ± 48.4 (mean ± S.D.) ppm in 12 cases. Initial mask induction followed by cuffed endotracheal incubation (6 cases) or intravenous induction followed by uncuffed endotracheal intubation (6 cases) also produced significant pollution to the workers, with the mean TWAs of 33.2 ± 24.0 ppm and 31.9 ± 18.0 ppm respectively. These procedures provided exposure levels above the 25 ppm Recommended Exposure Limit (REL) of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), U.S.A. Modification with intravenous induction followed with cuffed endotracheal intubation or mask general anesthesia provided with a ventilation hood diminished the contamination apparently, with the resulting mean TWAs of 11.0 ± 4.7 ppm and 17.9 ± 9.8 ppm in 7 and 5 cases respectively. The results indicated that excessive N2O exposure to anesthesiologists was not negligible during routine pediatric anesthesia. Significant reduction could be achieved via appropriate industrial modification.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)112-118
頁數7
期刊Industrial Health
35
發行號1
出版狀態已發佈 - 1997
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 環境科學 (全部)
  • 環境化學
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康
  • 毒理學
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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