Exposure assessment of particulate and gaseous pollutants emitted during surgery in operating rooms of different specialties

Tzu Ting Yang, Kai Jen Chuang, Nai Yun Chang, Chih Hong Pan, Wei Hang Liao, Chien Chieh Liao, Yang Hwei Tsuang, Hsiao Yun Wen, Ta Chih Hsiao, Hsiao Chi Chuang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

The objective of this study was to identify hazards that occur due to surgical practices and assess exposure to surgical smoke. We investigated nine surgical specialties in their corresponding operating rooms (ORs) for on-line measurements of pollutants and off-line determination of PAHs. Surgery for the face and dentistry generated the smallest particle size with a GMD of 23.3 nm. Also, the highest levels of the lung deposition surface area (5.8 ± 6.8 μm2/cm3), particulate matter of < 10 μm (PM10; 6.46 ± 5.34 μg/m3), PM2.5 (1.82 ± 1.01 μg/m3), and black carbon (0.10 ± 0.05 μg/m3) were seen with surgery of the face and dentistry. For gaseous pollutants, we observed that gastroenterology had the highest levels of CO2 (869 ± 112 ppm) and total volatile organic compounds (3.70 ± 1.00 ppm) compared to the other operating rooms. Levels of CO (3.40 ± 1.20 ppm) and formaldehyde (0.90 ± 0.51 ppm) were highest in the urology OR. Average total PAHs were mainly present in the gaseous phase with the highest concentrations of 746.6~1045.8 ng/m3 for gynecology. Our results showed that most pollutant levels were relatively low. However, gaseous PAHs emitted from surgical practices can reach levels that may pose important cancer risks in terms of occupational health.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1-11
頁數11
期刊Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 七月 17 2018

指紋

Operating rooms
Operating Rooms
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Surgery
Dentistry
PAH
pollutant
Gastroenterology
Urology
Gynecology
Surgical Specialties
Soot
Volatile Organic Compounds
Particulate Matter
Occupational Health
Carbon Monoxide
black carbon
Carbon black
Volatile organic compounds
Smoke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

引用此文

Exposure assessment of particulate and gaseous pollutants emitted during surgery in operating rooms of different specialties. / Yang, Tzu Ting; Chuang, Kai Jen; Chang, Nai Yun; Pan, Chih Hong; Liao, Wei Hang; Liao, Chien Chieh; Tsuang, Yang Hwei; Wen, Hsiao Yun; Hsiao, Ta Chih; Chuang, Hsiao Chi.

於: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health, 17.07.2018, p. 1-11.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Yang, Tzu Ting ; Chuang, Kai Jen ; Chang, Nai Yun ; Pan, Chih Hong ; Liao, Wei Hang ; Liao, Chien Chieh ; Tsuang, Yang Hwei ; Wen, Hsiao Yun ; Hsiao, Ta Chih ; Chuang, Hsiao Chi. / Exposure assessment of particulate and gaseous pollutants emitted during surgery in operating rooms of different specialties. 於: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health. 2018 ; 頁 1-11.
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abstract = "The objective of this study was to identify hazards that occur due to surgical practices and assess exposure to surgical smoke. We investigated nine surgical specialties in their corresponding operating rooms (ORs) for on-line measurements of pollutants and off-line determination of PAHs. Surgery for the face and dentistry generated the smallest particle size with a GMD of 23.3 nm. Also, the highest levels of the lung deposition surface area (5.8 ± 6.8 μm2/cm3), particulate matter of < 10 μm (PM10; 6.46 ± 5.34 μg/m3), PM2.5 (1.82 ± 1.01 μg/m3), and black carbon (0.10 ± 0.05 μg/m3) were seen with surgery of the face and dentistry. For gaseous pollutants, we observed that gastroenterology had the highest levels of CO2 (869 ± 112 ppm) and total volatile organic compounds (3.70 ± 1.00 ppm) compared to the other operating rooms. Levels of CO (3.40 ± 1.20 ppm) and formaldehyde (0.90 ± 0.51 ppm) were highest in the urology OR. Average total PAHs were mainly present in the gaseous phase with the highest concentrations of 746.6~1045.8 ng/m3 for gynecology. Our results showed that most pollutant levels were relatively low. However, gaseous PAHs emitted from surgical practices can reach levels that may pose important cancer risks in terms of occupational health.",
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AU - Yang, Tzu Ting

AU - Chuang, Kai Jen

AU - Chang, Nai Yun

AU - Pan, Chih Hong

AU - Liao, Wei Hang

AU - Liao, Chien Chieh

AU - Tsuang, Yang Hwei

AU - Wen, Hsiao Yun

AU - Hsiao, Ta Chih

AU - Chuang, Hsiao Chi

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N2 - The objective of this study was to identify hazards that occur due to surgical practices and assess exposure to surgical smoke. We investigated nine surgical specialties in their corresponding operating rooms (ORs) for on-line measurements of pollutants and off-line determination of PAHs. Surgery for the face and dentistry generated the smallest particle size with a GMD of 23.3 nm. Also, the highest levels of the lung deposition surface area (5.8 ± 6.8 μm2/cm3), particulate matter of < 10 μm (PM10; 6.46 ± 5.34 μg/m3), PM2.5 (1.82 ± 1.01 μg/m3), and black carbon (0.10 ± 0.05 μg/m3) were seen with surgery of the face and dentistry. For gaseous pollutants, we observed that gastroenterology had the highest levels of CO2 (869 ± 112 ppm) and total volatile organic compounds (3.70 ± 1.00 ppm) compared to the other operating rooms. Levels of CO (3.40 ± 1.20 ppm) and formaldehyde (0.90 ± 0.51 ppm) were highest in the urology OR. Average total PAHs were mainly present in the gaseous phase with the highest concentrations of 746.6~1045.8 ng/m3 for gynecology. Our results showed that most pollutant levels were relatively low. However, gaseous PAHs emitted from surgical practices can reach levels that may pose important cancer risks in terms of occupational health.

AB - The objective of this study was to identify hazards that occur due to surgical practices and assess exposure to surgical smoke. We investigated nine surgical specialties in their corresponding operating rooms (ORs) for on-line measurements of pollutants and off-line determination of PAHs. Surgery for the face and dentistry generated the smallest particle size with a GMD of 23.3 nm. Also, the highest levels of the lung deposition surface area (5.8 ± 6.8 μm2/cm3), particulate matter of < 10 μm (PM10; 6.46 ± 5.34 μg/m3), PM2.5 (1.82 ± 1.01 μg/m3), and black carbon (0.10 ± 0.05 μg/m3) were seen with surgery of the face and dentistry. For gaseous pollutants, we observed that gastroenterology had the highest levels of CO2 (869 ± 112 ppm) and total volatile organic compounds (3.70 ± 1.00 ppm) compared to the other operating rooms. Levels of CO (3.40 ± 1.20 ppm) and formaldehyde (0.90 ± 0.51 ppm) were highest in the urology OR. Average total PAHs were mainly present in the gaseous phase with the highest concentrations of 746.6~1045.8 ng/m3 for gynecology. Our results showed that most pollutant levels were relatively low. However, gaseous PAHs emitted from surgical practices can reach levels that may pose important cancer risks in terms of occupational health.

KW - Formaldehyde

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KW - Volatile organic compounds

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