Objective: We explored a method for the quantitative sonographic analysis of myometrial texture using computer-aided image analysis software to assess outcomes following treatment with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist for adenomyosis in women with infertility. Method: Data for patients with ultrasound images of the myometrium obtained at Taipei Medical University Hospital from 1 September 2018 to 5 April 5 2019 were analyzed. Only 10 patients with 20 ultrasound images matched the eligibility criteria. The images were divided into pre-treatment (n = 10) and post-treatment images (n = 10) and quantitative grayscale histograms were obtained from the ultrasound images using publicly available ImageJ computer-aided image analysis software. We analyzed the differences between the pre- and post-treatment images using the Mann–Whitney test and compared the results with outcomes assessed by serum CA-125 levels. Results: Image analysis of the grayscale histograms revealed significant differences between before and after treatment. The classification of the myometrium pre-treatment and post-treatment was similar using CA-125 and histogram grayscale analysis. Conclusion: Computer-aided image analysis of grayscale histograms of the myometrium obtained from ultrasound images is an alternative method for assessing myometrial conditions after GnRH agonist treatment in patients with adenomyosis.
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