Objectives: This study investigated the prevalence rates of carbapenemase positivity, antibiotic susceptibility, and independent predictors of carbapenemase producers among the Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered from patients with intra-abdominal infections (IAI) in the Asia-Pacific region between 2008 and 2014. Materials and methods: Multiplex PCR was used for the detection of specific β-lactamases, while the broth microdilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibiotics among the IAI-related Enterobacteriaceae isolates. We studied the abovementioned parameters in 484 ertapenem-non-susceptible (Erta-NS) isolates and explored the independent predictors of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) isolates. Results: Eighty (16.5%) Erta-NS-IAI Enterobacteriaceae isolates were found to be CPE. Vietnam and the Philippines had the highest CPE prevalence rates. The IAI isolates of Enterobacter species and Klebsiella pneumoniae followed by Escherichia coli were the three major pathogens with 77.4%, 40.9%, and 11.7% Erta-NS prevalence rates, respectively. Furthermore, the highest CPE prevalence (35%) was noted among the Erta-NS-K. pneumoniae isolates. The CPE isolates harboring the blaNDM, blaKPC, or blaOXA-48-like alleles had higher imipenem MIC levels than those harboring the blaIMP alleles. Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, we concluded that Erta-NS-IAI isolates with an imipenem non-susceptible phenotype (OR, 56.4), with cefepime MIC >8 µg/mL (OR, 4.4), cultured from the peritoneal space samples (tissue or abscess; OR, 3.3), and harboring the extended-spectrum β-lactamase encoding allele (OR, 11.5) are independent predictors of CPE. Conclusion: Imipenem non-susceptibility, cefepime MIC >8 μg/mL, and the peritoneal space as a culture site are independent clinical predictors of CPE among the Erta-NS-IAI Enterobacteriaceae isolates in the Asia-Pacific region.
- Antimicrobial susceptibility
- Carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae
- Intra-abdominal infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)
Jean, S. S., Lee, W. S., & Hsueh, P. R. (2018). Ertapenem non-susceptibility and independent predictors of the carbapenemase production among the enterobacteriaceae isolates causing intra-abdominal infections in the asia-pacific region: Results from the study for monitoring antimicrobial resistance trends (SMART). Infection and Drug Resistance, 11, 1881-1891. https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S181085