Epinecidin-1 protects mice from LPS-induced endotoxemia and cecal ligation and puncture-induced polymicrobial sepsis

Bor Chyuan Su, Han Ning Huang, Tai Wen Lin, Chwan Deng Hsiao, Jyh Yih Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

15 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The antimicrobial peptide, epinecidin-1 (Epi), was identified from Epinephelus coioides and may have clinical application for treating sepsis. Epi has been shown to ameliorate antibiotic-resistant bacteria-induced sepsis in mice, but further evaluation in mixed-flora models and a description of the protective mechanisms are essential to establish this peptide as a potential therapeutic. Therefore, we first tested the protective effects of Epi against polymicrobial sepsis-induced bactericidal infection, inflammation and lung injury that result from cecal ligation and puncture in mice. Furthermore, since lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a key inducer of inflammation during bacterial infection and sepsis, we also tested the LPS-antagonizing activity and related mechanisms of Epi-mediated protection in mice with LPS-induced endotoxemia and LPS-treated Raw264.7 mouse macrophage cells. Epi rescued mice from both polymicrobial sepsis and endotoxemia after delayed administration and suppressed both lung and systemic inflammatory responses, while attenuating lung injury and diminishing bacterial load. In vitro studies revealed that Epi suppressed LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine production. Mechanistically, Epi disrupted the interaction between LPS and LPS binding protein, competed with LPS for binding on the cell surface, and inhibited Toll-like receptor 4 endocytosis, resulting in inhibition of LPS-induced reactive oxygen species/p38/Akt/NF-κB signaling and subsequent cytokine production. Overall, our results demonstrate that Epi is a promising therapeutic agent for endotoxemia and polymicrobial sepsis.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)3028-3037
頁數10
期刊Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
1863
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 1 2017
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子醫學
  • 分子生物學

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