摘要

OBJECTIVE: The Rinne test generally detects large air-bone gaps; this approach decreases the value of tuning forks as a screening tool. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of simple tuning fork modifications to increase the sensitivity of the Rinne test. MATERIALS and METHODS: Two different modifications were performed with 128 and 256 Hz tuning forks. Fifteen healthy subjects with otolaryngology specialist training backgrounds were enrolled in the measurement of tuning fork, sound-intensity output at their bone conduction threshold. RESULTS: The reductions in the threshold gap required for the Rinne test to turn from positive to negative for 128 Hz tuning forks were not statistically significant. The threshold gap was reduced by 3.85±3.88 dB when 256 Hz tuning forks were modified through metal disk attachment (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: The modified 256 Hz tuning forks effectively reduced the subjective loudness gap between the two ends of the tuning fork in the Rinne test. The modification theoretically increases the sensitivity of the Rinne test, which may increase the value of tuning forks as hearing loss screening tools.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1-4
頁數4
期刊Journal of International Advanced Otology
10
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2014

指紋

Bone Conduction
Otolaryngology
Hearing Loss
Healthy Volunteers
Metals
Air
Bone and Bones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

引用此文

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title = "Enhancing the sensitivity for Rinne test through tuning fork modifications",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The Rinne test generally detects large air-bone gaps; this approach decreases the value of tuning forks as a screening tool. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of simple tuning fork modifications to increase the sensitivity of the Rinne test. MATERIALS and METHODS: Two different modifications were performed with 128 and 256 Hz tuning forks. Fifteen healthy subjects with otolaryngology specialist training backgrounds were enrolled in the measurement of tuning fork, sound-intensity output at their bone conduction threshold. RESULTS: The reductions in the threshold gap required for the Rinne test to turn from positive to negative for 128 Hz tuning forks were not statistically significant. The threshold gap was reduced by 3.85±3.88 dB when 256 Hz tuning forks were modified through metal disk attachment (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: The modified 256 Hz tuning forks effectively reduced the subjective loudness gap between the two ends of the tuning fork in the Rinne test. The modification theoretically increases the sensitivity of the Rinne test, which may increase the value of tuning forks as hearing loss screening tools.",
keywords = "Hearing impairment, Hearing loss, Hearing screen, Rinne test, Tuning forks",
author = "Lin, {Chun Ju} and Tseng, {Te Ming} and Lin, {Che Hsuan} and Hsu, {Hsin Te} and How Tseng and Hung, {Shih Han}",
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AU - Lin, Chun Ju

AU - Tseng, Te Ming

AU - Lin, Che Hsuan

AU - Hsu, Hsin Te

AU - Tseng, How

AU - Hung, Shih Han

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - OBJECTIVE: The Rinne test generally detects large air-bone gaps; this approach decreases the value of tuning forks as a screening tool. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of simple tuning fork modifications to increase the sensitivity of the Rinne test. MATERIALS and METHODS: Two different modifications were performed with 128 and 256 Hz tuning forks. Fifteen healthy subjects with otolaryngology specialist training backgrounds were enrolled in the measurement of tuning fork, sound-intensity output at their bone conduction threshold. RESULTS: The reductions in the threshold gap required for the Rinne test to turn from positive to negative for 128 Hz tuning forks were not statistically significant. The threshold gap was reduced by 3.85±3.88 dB when 256 Hz tuning forks were modified through metal disk attachment (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: The modified 256 Hz tuning forks effectively reduced the subjective loudness gap between the two ends of the tuning fork in the Rinne test. The modification theoretically increases the sensitivity of the Rinne test, which may increase the value of tuning forks as hearing loss screening tools.

AB - OBJECTIVE: The Rinne test generally detects large air-bone gaps; this approach decreases the value of tuning forks as a screening tool. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of simple tuning fork modifications to increase the sensitivity of the Rinne test. MATERIALS and METHODS: Two different modifications were performed with 128 and 256 Hz tuning forks. Fifteen healthy subjects with otolaryngology specialist training backgrounds were enrolled in the measurement of tuning fork, sound-intensity output at their bone conduction threshold. RESULTS: The reductions in the threshold gap required for the Rinne test to turn from positive to negative for 128 Hz tuning forks were not statistically significant. The threshold gap was reduced by 3.85±3.88 dB when 256 Hz tuning forks were modified through metal disk attachment (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: The modified 256 Hz tuning forks effectively reduced the subjective loudness gap between the two ends of the tuning fork in the Rinne test. The modification theoretically increases the sensitivity of the Rinne test, which may increase the value of tuning forks as hearing loss screening tools.

KW - Hearing impairment

KW - Hearing loss

KW - Hearing screen

KW - Rinne test

KW - Tuning forks

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