Electrocardiographic manifestations in patients with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis

Yu Juei Hsu, Yuh Feng Lin, Tom Chau, Jun Ting Liou, Shi Wen Kuo, Shih Hua Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

43 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) commonly precedes the overt symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism and may be misdiagnosed as other causes of paralysis (non-TPP). Because the cardiovascular system is very sensitive to elevation of thyroid hormone, we hypothesize that electrocardiographic manifestations may aid in early diagnosis of TPP. Methods: We retrospectively identified 54 patients who presented to the emergency department (ED) with hypokalemic paralysis during a 3.5-year period. Thirty-one patients had TPP and 23 patients had non-TPP, including sporadic periodic paralysis, distal renal tubular acidosis, diuretic use, licorice intoxication, primary hyperaldosteronism, and Bartter-like syndrome. Electrocardiograms during attacks were analyzed for rate, rhythm, conduction, PR interval, QRS voltage, ST segment, QT interval, U waves, and T waves. Results: There were no significant differences in age, sex distribution, and plasma K+ concentration between the TPP and non-TPP groups. Plasma phosphate was significantly lower in TPP than non-TPP. Heart rate, PR interval, and QRS voltage were significantly higher in TPP than non-TPP. Forty-five percent of TPP patients had first-degree atrioventricular block compared with 13% in the non-TPP group. There were no significant differences in QT shortening, ST depression, U wave appearance, or T wave flattening between the 2 groups. Conclusion: Relatively rapid heart rate, high QRS voltage, and first-degree AV block are important clues suggesting TPP in patients who present with hypokalemia and paralysis.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)128-132
頁數5
期刊American Journal of the Medical Sciences
326
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 九月 1 2003
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 醫藥 (全部)

指紋

深入研究「Electrocardiographic manifestations in patients with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此