Efficacy of rasagiline monotherapy for early Parkinson disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Hao Yun Chang, Ying Yu Li, Chien Tai Hong, Yi Chun Kuan

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Background: Rasagiline monotherapy is approved in early Parkinson’s disease (PD) for motor benefit. However, the efficacy and optimal rasagiline dosage in improving Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) subscale scores between Japanese and Caucasian individuals remain uncertain. Aims: To investigate the efficacy of rasagiline monotherapy and evaluate differences between early PD patients in Eastern and Western countries. Methods: The study design involved the meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials identified using electronic databases. Results: The mean difference (MD) in total UPDRS scores indicated no significant difference between the 1 and 2 mg rasagiline (MD = −0.00, 95% confidence interval (CI) = −0.82 to 0.81). Compared with the placebo, the MD of UPDRS part I scores significantly improved in the 1 mg (MD = −0.33, 95% CI = −0.57 to −0.10) but not in the 2 mg. For UPDRS part II scores, the MD significantly improved in the 1 mg (MD = −0.87, 95% CI = −1.48 to −0.27) and 2 mg (MD = −0.98, 95% CI = −1.28 to −0.68). Regarding the UPDRS part III, the MD significantly improved in both (1 mg: MD = −2.41, 95% CI = −3.26 to −1.56; 2 mg: MD = −2.05, 95% CI = −2.64 to −1.46). The most commonly reported adverse events were headaches, back pain, and dizziness, with no statistical difference between the 1 mg rasagiline and placebo groups. Subgroup analysis revealed similar effects between Asian and Western participants. Conclusion: Rasagiline monotherapy at 1 mg per day is recommended for patients with early PD because of the benefits for motor, nonmotor functions, and safety.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)704-714
頁數11
期刊Journal of Psychopharmacology
36
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 6月 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 藥理
  • 精神病學和心理健康
  • 藥學(醫學)

指紋

深入研究「Efficacy of rasagiline monotherapy for early Parkinson disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此