Background: Anti-interleukin-5 (IL-5) therapy has been proposed as a novel treatment option for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, its efficacy for preventing COPD exacerbation remains unclear. Methods: A literature review was conducted to August 26th 2019. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the clinical efficacy and adverse effects of anti-IL-5 therapy were included in the meta-analysis. The primary outcome was the risk of COPD exacerbation. Results: A total of 3 articles containing 5 RCTs were included in the study. Overall, 2837 and 1442 patients received anti-IL-5 therapy (mepolizumab, n = 865; benralizumab, n = 1972) and placebo, respectively. In the pooled analysis, anti-IL-5 therapy was associated with a lower risk of COPD exacerbation compared with the placebo (rate ratio, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.86–0.97, I2 = 0%). In addition, no significant differences in the changes in SGRQ scores and FEV1 from baseline were found between the anti-IL-5 therapy and placebo (SGRQ, mean difference, −0.86, 95% CI, −1.92 – 0.19, I2 = 0%; FEV1, mean difference, 0.01, 95% CI, −0.01 – 0.03, I2 = 0%). Anti-IL-5 therapy had a similar risk of any adverse event (risk ratio, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.99–1.05), an event leading to treatment discontinuation (risk ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.72–1.48) and any serious adverse events (risk ratio, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.85–1.01) when compared with the placebo. Conclusion: Anti-IL-5 therapy was associated with a lower rate of COPD exacerbation compared with placebo. In addition, anti-IL-5 therapy was well tolerated for COPD patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 免疫學與微生物學 (全部)