Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays an important role in the pulpal repair and dentinogenesis. Plasminogen activation (PA) system regulates extracellular matrix turnover. In this study, we investigated the effects of TGF-β1 on PA system of dental pulp cells and its signalling pathways. Dental pulp cells were treated with different concentrations of TGF-β1. MTT assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) were used to detect the effect of TGF-β1 on cell viability, mRNA and protein expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), uPA receptor (uPAR), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) as well as their secretion. The phosphorylation of Smad2 and TAK1 was analysed by Pathscan ELISA or Western blotting. Cells were pretreated with SB431542 (ALK5/Smad2/3 inhibitor), 5z-7-oxozeaenol (TAK1 inhibitor) and U0126 (MEK/ERK inhibitor) for examining the related signalling. TGF-β1 slightly inhibited cell growth that was reversed by SB431542. TGF-β1 upregulated both RNA and protein expression of PAI-1 and uPAR, whereas it downregulated uPA expression. Accordingly, TGF-β1 stimulated PAI-1 and soluble uPAR (suPAR) secretion of pulp cells, whereas uPA secretion was inhibited. TGF-β1 induced the phosphorylation of Smad2 and TAK1. In addition, SB431542, 5z-7-oxozeaenol and U0126 attenuated the TGF-β1-induced secretion of PAI-1 and suPAR. These results indicate that TGF-β1 is possibly involved in the repair/regeneration and inflammatory processes of dental pulp via regulation of PAI-1, uPA and uPAR. These effects of TGF-β1 are related to activation of ALK5/Smad2, TAK1 and MEK/ERK signalling pathways. Clarifying the signal transduction for the effects of TGF-β1 is helpful for pulpo-dentin regeneration and tissue engineering. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|頁（從 - 到）||854-863|
|期刊||Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 四月 2018|
Chang, M-C., Chang, H-H., Lin, P-S., Huang, Y-A., Chan, C-P., Tsai, Y-L., Lee, S-Y., Jeng, P-Y., Kuo, H-Y., Yeung, S-Y., & Jeng, J-H. (2018). Effects of TGF-β1 on plasminogen activation in human dental pulp cells: Role of ALK5/Smad2, TAK1 and MEK/ERK signalling. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, 12(4), 854-863. https://doi.org/10.1002/term.2339