Phage-displayed single chain variable fragment (scFv) libraries are powerful tools in antibody engineering. Disulfide-stabilized scFv (sc-dsFv) with an interface disulfide bond is structure-wise more stable than the corresponding scFv. A set of recently discovered signal sequences replacing the wild type (pelB) signal peptidase cleavage site in the c-region has been shown to be effective in rescuing the expression of sc-dsFv libraries on the phage surface. However, the effects of the other regions of the signal sequence on the expression of the sc-dsFv libraries and on the formation of the interface disulfide bond in the phage-displayed sc-dsFv have not been clear. In this work, selected novel signal sequence variants in the h-region were shown to be equally effective in promoting sc-dsFv library expression on the phage surface; the expression level and complexity of the sc-dsFv libraries were comparable to the corresponding scFv libraries produced with the wild-type (pelB) signal sequence. The interface disulfide bond in the phage-displayed sc-dsFv was proven to form to a large extent in the library variant ensemble generated with signal sequence variants in both the h-region and the c-region. The sc-dsFv engineering platform established in this work can be applied to many of the known scFv molecules which are in need of a more stable version for the applications under harsh conditions or for longer shelf-life.
|頁（從 - 到）||348-353|
|期刊||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 七月 29 2011|
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