Effects of ketogenic diet on cognitive functions of mice fed high-fat-high-cholesterol diet

Dai Ting Lin, Ning Juo Kao, Tzu Wen Liu Cross, Wei Ju Lee, Shyh Hsiang Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Long-term dietary intake of elevated levels of refined sugars, fats and cholesterols is among the factors causing cognitive impairment. Ketone bodies can be used as an alternative energy source when glucose is not available. The study investigated the effects of a ketogenic diet (medium chain triglyceride, MCT) on cognitive performance after a long-term consumption of a high-fat-high-cholesterol diet using a mice model. Seventy eight-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were fed an HFHC diet for 16 weeks to establish a model of an HFHC dietary pattern, before receiving intervention diets containing MCT diet or with Metformin for another 8 weeks in the second part of the experiment. Spatial learning, memory performance, and cortical and hippocampal protein expression levels were assessed. After consuming the HFHC diet for 16 weeks and subsequently receiving the MCT diet for 8 weeks, results showed that the mice fed a MCT diet had significantly better spatial learning and memory performance, lower expression of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), amyloid protein precursor (APP) and phosphate tau, and higher expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) than the mice fed the HFHC diet. Long-term consumption of an HFHC diet caused a decline in cognitive functions and increased the risk factors for neurodegeneration, such as BBB permeability, neuropathy and inflammation. An MCT diet can be considered as an option for slowing down the early stage of neurodegeneration in mice.
原文英語
文章編號108974
期刊Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
104
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 6月 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 生物化學
  • 分子生物學
  • 營養與營養學
  • 臨床生物化學

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