Effects of arginine-containing total patenteral nutrition on N balance and phagocytic activity in rats undergoing a partial gastrectomy

Chiu Li Yeh, Chen Hsien Lee, Soul-Chin Chen, Yu-Chen Hou, Sung Ling Yeh

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

13 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

The present study investigated the effect of arginine (Arg)-containing parenteral nutrition on phagocytic activity to elucidate the possible roles of Arg in the secretion of anabolic hormones and N balance in rats undergoing gastrectomy. Rats were divided into two experimental groups and received total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The TPN solutions were isonitrogenous and identical in nutrient compositions except for differences in amino acid content. One group received conventional TPN, the other group replaced 2% of the total energy as Arg. After receiving TPN for 3 d, one-third of the rats in each experimental group were killed as the baseline group. The remaining rats underwent a partial gastrectomy and were killed 1 or 3 d after surgery. The results showed that there were no differences in N balance, plasma growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels between the two groups before or after surgery. The phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophages was higher in the Arg group than in the control group 1 d after surgery. There were no differences in the phagocytic activities of blood polymorphonuclear neutrophils between the two groups at various time points. TNF-α levels in peritoneal lavage fluid were lower in the Arg group than in the control group on post-operative day 3. These results suggest that parenterally infused Arg enhances phagocytic activity and reduces the production of inflammatory mediators at the site of injury. However, Arg supplementation did not influence the secretion of anabolic hormones nor N balance in rats with a partial gastrectomy.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)267-272
頁數6
期刊British Journal of Nutrition
93
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2005

指紋

Gastrectomy
Arginine
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Parenteral Nutrition Solutions
Hormones
Peritoneal Lavage
Control Groups
Ascitic Fluid
Parenteral Nutrition
Peritoneal Macrophages
Somatomedins
Growth Hormone
Neutrophils
Amino Acids
Food
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Arginine
  • Gastrectomy
  • Nitrogen balance
  • Phagocytosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

引用此文

Effects of arginine-containing total patenteral nutrition on N balance and phagocytic activity in rats undergoing a partial gastrectomy. / Yeh, Chiu Li; Lee, Chen Hsien; Chen, Soul-Chin; Hou, Yu-Chen; Yeh, Sung Ling.

於: British Journal of Nutrition, 卷 93, 編號 2, 2005, p. 267-272.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "The present study investigated the effect of arginine (Arg)-containing parenteral nutrition on phagocytic activity to elucidate the possible roles of Arg in the secretion of anabolic hormones and N balance in rats undergoing gastrectomy. Rats were divided into two experimental groups and received total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The TPN solutions were isonitrogenous and identical in nutrient compositions except for differences in amino acid content. One group received conventional TPN, the other group replaced 2{\%} of the total energy as Arg. After receiving TPN for 3 d, one-third of the rats in each experimental group were killed as the baseline group. The remaining rats underwent a partial gastrectomy and were killed 1 or 3 d after surgery. The results showed that there were no differences in N balance, plasma growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels between the two groups before or after surgery. The phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophages was higher in the Arg group than in the control group 1 d after surgery. There were no differences in the phagocytic activities of blood polymorphonuclear neutrophils between the two groups at various time points. TNF-α levels in peritoneal lavage fluid were lower in the Arg group than in the control group on post-operative day 3. These results suggest that parenterally infused Arg enhances phagocytic activity and reduces the production of inflammatory mediators at the site of injury. However, Arg supplementation did not influence the secretion of anabolic hormones nor N balance in rats with a partial gastrectomy.",
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