Effectiveness of advice from physician and nurse on smoking cessation stage in Taiwanese male smokers attending a community-based integrated screening program

Dih Ling Luh, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Ming-Fang Yen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Ching Yuan Fann, Hsiu Hsi Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

4 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: A screening program provides a teachable moment for primary prevention such as encouraging smoking cessation. However, little is known about the efficacy of smoking cessation intervention delivered to the general population through a community-based screening program. Methods: A quasi-experimental untreated control design with pre-test and post-test was conducted with 42 subjects receiving advice from physician and nurses (the PNA group), 39 receiving an informational leaflet (the leaflet group), and 308 control subjects. Results: The overall rate of reaching the action stage was 25 %, 5.7 %, and 7.8 in the PNA group, the leaflet group, and the control group, respectively. In approximately 45-60 % of all participants, the stage remained unchanged. Such an association between the intervention groups and stage changes was statistically significant (p = 0.02). The PNA group was more likely to have the improvement of stage (forward transition toward action stage) than the control group [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.27 (1.07-4.84)]. Deterioration (backward transition toward precontemplation) in the PNA intervention group was 37 % lower than that in the control group [aOR = 0.63 (0.20-2.01)]. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that smoking cessation advice from physician and nurse is conducive to smoking cessation, as shown by greater movement toward and less movement away from smoking cessation through a community-based integrated screening platform.
原文英語
文章編號15
期刊Tobacco Induced Diseases
14
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2016

指紋

Smoking Cessation
smoking
nurse
Nurses
physician
Physicians
Control Groups
community
leaflet
Group
Odds Ratio
Primary Prevention
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

引用此文

Effectiveness of advice from physician and nurse on smoking cessation stage in Taiwanese male smokers attending a community-based integrated screening program. / Luh, Dih Ling; Li-Sheng Chen, Sam; Yen, Ming-Fang; Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Sherry; Fann, Ching Yuan; Chen, Hsiu Hsi.

於: Tobacco Induced Diseases, 卷 14, 編號 1, 15, 2016.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "Background: A screening program provides a teachable moment for primary prevention such as encouraging smoking cessation. However, little is known about the efficacy of smoking cessation intervention delivered to the general population through a community-based screening program. Methods: A quasi-experimental untreated control design with pre-test and post-test was conducted with 42 subjects receiving advice from physician and nurses (the PNA group), 39 receiving an informational leaflet (the leaflet group), and 308 control subjects. Results: The overall rate of reaching the action stage was 25 {\%}, 5.7 {\%}, and 7.8 in the PNA group, the leaflet group, and the control group, respectively. In approximately 45-60 {\%} of all participants, the stage remained unchanged. Such an association between the intervention groups and stage changes was statistically significant (p = 0.02). The PNA group was more likely to have the improvement of stage (forward transition toward action stage) than the control group [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.27 (1.07-4.84)]. Deterioration (backward transition toward precontemplation) in the PNA intervention group was 37 {\%} lower than that in the control group [aOR = 0.63 (0.20-2.01)]. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that smoking cessation advice from physician and nurse is conducive to smoking cessation, as shown by greater movement toward and less movement away from smoking cessation through a community-based integrated screening platform.",
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AU - Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Sherry

AU - Fann, Ching Yuan

AU - Chen, Hsiu Hsi

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AB - Background: A screening program provides a teachable moment for primary prevention such as encouraging smoking cessation. However, little is known about the efficacy of smoking cessation intervention delivered to the general population through a community-based screening program. Methods: A quasi-experimental untreated control design with pre-test and post-test was conducted with 42 subjects receiving advice from physician and nurses (the PNA group), 39 receiving an informational leaflet (the leaflet group), and 308 control subjects. Results: The overall rate of reaching the action stage was 25 %, 5.7 %, and 7.8 in the PNA group, the leaflet group, and the control group, respectively. In approximately 45-60 % of all participants, the stage remained unchanged. Such an association between the intervention groups and stage changes was statistically significant (p = 0.02). The PNA group was more likely to have the improvement of stage (forward transition toward action stage) than the control group [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 2.27 (1.07-4.84)]. Deterioration (backward transition toward precontemplation) in the PNA intervention group was 37 % lower than that in the control group [aOR = 0.63 (0.20-2.01)]. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that smoking cessation advice from physician and nurse is conducive to smoking cessation, as shown by greater movement toward and less movement away from smoking cessation through a community-based integrated screening platform.

KW - Community

KW - Intervention

KW - Smoking cessation

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