摘要

Background: Low-dose rivaroxaban (10 mg/day) has been widely used in Asia for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), although there is a lack of evidence regarding its effectiveness. In Asians, it is unclear whether low-dose rivaroxaban is equally effective as that of the standard dose or is associated with less bleeding risk. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of standard-dose (15 or 20 mg/day) and low-dose (10 mg/day) rivaroxaban in Asians with AF. Methods: Using data files from the National Health Insurance Research Database between May 1, 2014, and September 30, 2015, a retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted in patients diagnosed with AF or atrial flutter and treated with low- or standard-dose rivaroxaban. Patients were followed up until the first occurrence of the study outcome or the end of the observation period (December 31, 2015). Results: Among 6,558 eligible patients, a total of 2,373 and 4,185 patients took low- and standard-dose rivaroxaban, respectively. Compared to standard-dose rivaroxaban, low-dose rivaroxaban was associated with a significantly higher risk of myocardial infarction (subdistribution hazard ratio: 2.26; 95% confidence interval: 1.13 to 4.52), with similar risk of ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, major bleeding, and nonmajor clinically relevant bleeding. Conclusions: Compared to standard-dose rivaroxaban, low-dose rivaroxaban in Asian patients with AF was associated with similar risks of thromboembolism and bleeding except myocardial infarction.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)477-485
頁數9
期刊Journal of the American College of Cardiology
72
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 31 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 心臟病學與心血管醫學

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