We performed a prospective study to evaluate the effect of topiramate as an adjunctive therapy in Taiwanese children with intractable partial epilepsy and generalized epilepsy. Thirty children aged from 2 to 16 years (8.5 ± 3.8 years) were enrolled in this study. Eighteen children (60.0%) had partial epilepsy, and 12 children (40.0%) had generalized epilepsy. These children were experiencing more than one seizure per month even under a stable antiepileptic regimen treatment. Topiramate was begun at 1 mg/kg·day, and the dosage was raised by 1 mg/kg·day each week. Titration continued for 4 weeks or more. The maximal dosage was 10 mg/kg·day. In children with partial epilepsy, six children (33.3%) achieved ≥ 50% frequency reduction, while eight children (44.4%) achieved a seizure-free state. In children with generalized epilepsy, including infantile spasms, four children (33.3%) achieved ≥ 50% frequency reduction, while five children (41.7%) achieved a seizure-free state. The most common adverse effect was poor appetite (10.0%). No idiosyncratic reactions to topiramate were found. Only one patient discontinued topiramate because of central hyperventilation. Topiramate can be used as an adjunctive antiepileptic drug for intractable epileptic children in Taiwan.
|頁（從 - 到）||59-63|
|期刊||Acta Neurologica Taiwanica|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 六月 2004|
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