Effect of maternal use of chewing gums containing xylitol on transmission of mutans streptococci in children: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

9 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Mutans streptococci (MS) are the major causative bacteria involved in human dental decay. Habitual consumption of xylitol has been proved to reduce MS levels in saliva and plaque. Aim: To evaluate the effect of the maternal use of xylitol gum on MS reduction in infants. Design: A structured literature review and meta-analysis. A random effects model was used to assess the relative risks of the incidence of MS in the saliva or plaque of children who were 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months old. Results: We reviewed 11 RCTs derived from 5 research teams that included 601 mothers. Our results indicated that the incidence of MS in the saliva or plaque of the infants was significantly reduced in the xylitol group (risk ratio: 0.54; 95% confidence interval: 0.39-0.73, at 12-18 months) and (risk ratio: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.40-0.79, at 36 months) compared with the control groups. The long-term effect of maternal xylitol gum exposure on their children's dental caries was controversial. Conclusion: Habitual xylitol consumption by mothers with high MS levels was associated with a significant reduction in the mother-child transmission of salivary MS.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)35-44
頁數10
期刊International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
26
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 一月 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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