Effect of influenza vaccination against postoperative pneumonia and mortality for geriatric patients receiving major surgery: A nationwide matched study

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Limited information is available on the association between influenza vaccination and postoperative outcomes., Methods: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database reimbursement claims data from 2008-2013, we conducted a matched cohort study of 16903 patients aged >66 years who received influenza vaccinations and later underwent major surgery. Using a propensity score matching procedure adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, medical condition, surgery type, and anesthesia type, 16903 controls who underwent surgery but were not vaccinated were selected. Logistic regressions were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for postoperative pneumonia and in-hospital mortality associated with influenza vaccination., Results: Patients who received preoperative influenza vaccination had a lower risk of postoperative pneumonia (OR, 0.60; 95% CI, .56-.64) and in-hospital mortality (OR, 0.46; 95% CI, .39-.56), compared with unvaccinated patients, in both sexes and every age group. Vaccinated patients who underwent surgery also had a decreased risk of postoperative intensive care unit admission (OR, 0.56; 95% CI, .53-.60), shorter hospital stays (P <.0001), and lower medical expenditures (P <.0001) than nonvaccinated controls., Conclusions: Vaccinated geriatric patients who underwent surgery had lower risks of pneumonia and in-hospital mortality, compared with unvaccinated patients who underwent similar major surgeries. Further studies are needed to explain how preoperative influenza vaccination improves perioperative outcomes.Copyright © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)816-826
頁數11
期刊Journal of Infectious Diseases
217
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 三月 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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