The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of forskolin on body weight, glucose metabolism and fat cell diameter in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. Four-week-old male mice (C57BL/6) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: a high-fat diet plus 5% dimethyl sulfoxide (vehicle), high-fat diet plus 2 mg/kg of forskolin (dissolved in 5% dimethyl sulfoxide) and high-fat diet plus 4 mg/kg of forskolin (dissolved in 5% dimethyl sulfoxide). Forskolin or dimethyl sulfoxide was administered intraperitoneally every two days. The results indicated that no significant difference was observed in the body weight, feed intake and serum lipid parameters among groups at 20 weeks of age. The blood glucose levels were significantly reduced in the groups treated with 2 mg/kg of forskolin before glucose tolerance test. Forskolin administration linearly decreased blood glucose levels of high-fat diet-fed mice at 90 min and total area under curve (AUC) after insulin tolerance test. The subcutaneous adipocyte diameter was significantly reduced in the groups treated with 2 mg/kg of forskolin. Forskolin administration linearly reduced the gonadal adipocyte diameter of high-fat diet-fed mice. Forskolin significantly reduced the differentiation of murine mesenchymal stem cells into adipocytes and this was accompanied by a decrease in intracellular triglyceride content and an increase in glycerol concentration in the culture medium. The subcutaneous adipocyte diameter, gonadal adipocyte diameter and total AUC of insulin tolerance test were moderately negatively correlated with the concentration of forskolin in the high-fat diet-induced obese model. These results demonstrate that forskolin can regulate glucose metabolism and reduce fat cell diameter of high-fat diet-fed mice and inhibit the adipocyte differentiation of murine mesenchymal stem cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology