Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF), which is the most common sustained arrhythmia and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Advanced glycation end product and its receptor activation, cardiac energy dysmetabolism, structural and electrical remodeling, and autonomic dysfunction are implicated in AF pathophysiology in diabetic hearts. Antidiabetic drugs have been demonstrated to possess therapeutic potential for AF. However, clinical investigations of AF in patients with DM have been scant and inconclusive. This article provides a comprehensive review of research findings on the association between DM and AF and critically analyzes the effect of different pharmacological classes of antidiabetic drugs on AF.
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