In this study, an adaptive electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis system is proposed for a two-session, single-trial classification of motor imagery (MI) data. Applying event-related brain potential (ERP) data acquired from the sensorimotor cortices, the adaptive linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is used for classification of left- and right-hand MI data and for simultaneous and continuous update of its parameters. In addition to the original use of continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and Student's two-sample t-statistics, the 2D anisotropic Gaussian filter is proposed to further refine the selection of active segments. The multiresolution fractal features are then extracted from wavelet data by means of modified fractal dimension. The classification in session 2 is performed by adaptive LDA, which is trial-by-trial updated using the Kalman filter after the trial is classified. Compared with original active segment selection and non-adaptive LDA on six subjects from two data sets, the results indicate that the proposed method is helpful to realize adaptive BCI systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Health Informatics