Early postoperative seizures after posterior fossa surgery

S. T. Lee, T. N. Lui, C. N. Chang, W. C. Cheng

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

24 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

A review is reported of the seizure incidence in 726 patients who underwent 740 posterior fossa operations via a suboccipital craniectomy without prophylactic anticonvulsant agents. Thirteen patients (1.8%) experienced seizures within 2 weeks postoperatively. Five of these patients (0.7% of the series) had seizures within 24 hours after operation. The incidence was highest for patients with medulloblastoma (7.2%) followed by those with astrocytoma (2.3%). Also, a higher percentage was found in patients with preoperative ventriculoperitoneal shunt or intraoperative ventriculostomy (2.7%) than in those without (1%), but the difference was not statistically significant. Metabolic acidosis (80%) and hyponatremia (20%) were the major causes of the seizures that developed within 24 hours after operation. Follow-up computerized tomography showed no definite lesion in these patients. Hydrocephalus (75%) and supratentorial hemorrhage remote from the operative site (25%) were detected in the patients who developed seizures between the 2nd and 14th postoperative day. Two of these patients also had postoperative bacterial meningitis. This review suggests that seizures are a possible complication in the early postoperative period after suboccipital craniectomy for posterior fossa lesions.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)541-544
頁數4
期刊Journal of Neurosurgery
73
發行號4
出版狀態已發佈 - 1990
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經病學(臨床)
  • 神經科學 (全部)

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