Objectives To investigate the effect of the Early Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Care Programme on CKD progression in patients with CKD stage I-IIIa. Design Observational cohort study. Setting Taipei Medical University Research Database from three affiliated hospitals. Participants Adult non-pregnant patients with CKD stage I-IIIa from Taipei Medical University Research Database between 1 January 2012 and 31 August 2017 were recruited. These patients were divided into Early CKD Care Programme participants (case) and non-participants (control). The models were matched by age, sex, estimated glomerular filtration rate and CKD stage with 1:2 propensity score to reduce bias between two groups. Outcome measures The risks of CKD stage I-IIIa progression to IIIb between Early CKD Care Programme participants and non-participants. Results Compared with the control group, the case group demonstrated more comorbidities and higher proportions of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, gout, dyslipidaemia, heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, but had lower risk of progression to CKD stage IIIb before and (HR 0.72; 95% CI 0.61 to 0.85) and after (adjusted HR (aHR) 0.67; 95% CI 0.55 to 0.81) adjustments. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed the cumulative incidence of CKD stage IIIb was significantly lower in the case group than in the control group. Finally, the programme was an independent protective factor against progression to stage IIIb, especially in patients with CKD stage IIIa before (HR 0.72; 95% CI 0.61 to 0.85) and after (aHR 0.67; 95% CI 0.55 to 0.81) adjustments. Conclusions The Early CKD Care Programme is an independent protective factor against progression of early CKD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 醫藥 (全部)