Dynamic Cerebral Autoregulation Is an Independent Functional Outcome Predictor of Mild Acute Ischemic Stroke

Nai Fang Chi, Han Hwa Hu, Cheng Yen Wang, Lung Chan, Chung Kang Peng, Vera Novak, Chaur Jong Hu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

2 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background and Purpose- Cerebral autoregulation is impaired in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) indices constitute an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke. Methods- In this study, 86 patients at days 3 to 7 after acute ischemic stroke and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled for assessing their dCA indices under spontaneous hemodynamic fluctuations. The dCA indices of patients with favorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≤1 at 3 months, n=65), patients with unfavorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≥2 at 3 months, n=21), and controls were compared. Results- The dCA indices, namely the phase shift at very low frequency band (phase_VLF), in the patients with unfavorable outcomes were significantly worse than those in the patients with favorable outcomes. However, the phase_VLF in the patients with favorable outcomes did not differ from those in the controls. Impaired dCA was associated with elevated mean arterial pressure and large infarction volume but was also present in patients with normal mean arterial pressure or small infarction volume. Phase_VLF was a predictor of outcomes in the receiver operating characteristic analysis (area under the curve: 0.722; P<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that a phase_VLF value of <61° was independently associated with unfavorable outcomes (odds ratio=4.90; P=0.024). Conclusions- Phase_VLF is an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2605-2611
頁數7
期刊Stroke
49
發行號11
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 1 2018

指紋

Homeostasis
Stroke
Infarction
Arterial Pressure
ROC Curve
Area Under Curve
Multivariate Analysis
Hemodynamics
Odds Ratio

引用此文

Dynamic Cerebral Autoregulation Is an Independent Functional Outcome Predictor of Mild Acute Ischemic Stroke. / Chi, Nai Fang; Hu, Han Hwa; Wang, Cheng Yen; Chan, Lung; Peng, Chung Kang; Novak, Vera; Hu, Chaur Jong.

於: Stroke, 卷 49, 編號 11, 01.11.2018, p. 2605-2611.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "Background and Purpose- Cerebral autoregulation is impaired in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) indices constitute an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke. Methods- In this study, 86 patients at days 3 to 7 after acute ischemic stroke and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled for assessing their dCA indices under spontaneous hemodynamic fluctuations. The dCA indices of patients with favorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≤1 at 3 months, n=65), patients with unfavorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≥2 at 3 months, n=21), and controls were compared. Results- The dCA indices, namely the phase shift at very low frequency band (phase_VLF), in the patients with unfavorable outcomes were significantly worse than those in the patients with favorable outcomes. However, the phase_VLF in the patients with favorable outcomes did not differ from those in the controls. Impaired dCA was associated with elevated mean arterial pressure and large infarction volume but was also present in patients with normal mean arterial pressure or small infarction volume. Phase_VLF was a predictor of outcomes in the receiver operating characteristic analysis (area under the curve: 0.722; P<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that a phase_VLF value of <61° was independently associated with unfavorable outcomes (odds ratio=4.90; P=0.024). Conclusions- Phase_VLF is an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke.",
keywords = "arterial pressure, autoregulation, blood pressure, infarction, odds ratio, stroke",
author = "Chi, {Nai Fang} and Hu, {Han Hwa} and Wang, {Cheng Yen} and Lung Chan and Peng, {Chung Kang} and Vera Novak and Hu, {Chaur Jong}",
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AU - Chi, Nai Fang

AU - Hu, Han Hwa

AU - Wang, Cheng Yen

AU - Chan, Lung

AU - Peng, Chung Kang

AU - Novak, Vera

AU - Hu, Chaur Jong

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Background and Purpose- Cerebral autoregulation is impaired in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) indices constitute an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke. Methods- In this study, 86 patients at days 3 to 7 after acute ischemic stroke and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled for assessing their dCA indices under spontaneous hemodynamic fluctuations. The dCA indices of patients with favorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≤1 at 3 months, n=65), patients with unfavorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≥2 at 3 months, n=21), and controls were compared. Results- The dCA indices, namely the phase shift at very low frequency band (phase_VLF), in the patients with unfavorable outcomes were significantly worse than those in the patients with favorable outcomes. However, the phase_VLF in the patients with favorable outcomes did not differ from those in the controls. Impaired dCA was associated with elevated mean arterial pressure and large infarction volume but was also present in patients with normal mean arterial pressure or small infarction volume. Phase_VLF was a predictor of outcomes in the receiver operating characteristic analysis (area under the curve: 0.722; P<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that a phase_VLF value of <61° was independently associated with unfavorable outcomes (odds ratio=4.90; P=0.024). Conclusions- Phase_VLF is an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke.

AB - Background and Purpose- Cerebral autoregulation is impaired in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) indices constitute an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke. Methods- In this study, 86 patients at days 3 to 7 after acute ischemic stroke and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled for assessing their dCA indices under spontaneous hemodynamic fluctuations. The dCA indices of patients with favorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≤1 at 3 months, n=65), patients with unfavorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale score ≥2 at 3 months, n=21), and controls were compared. Results- The dCA indices, namely the phase shift at very low frequency band (phase_VLF), in the patients with unfavorable outcomes were significantly worse than those in the patients with favorable outcomes. However, the phase_VLF in the patients with favorable outcomes did not differ from those in the controls. Impaired dCA was associated with elevated mean arterial pressure and large infarction volume but was also present in patients with normal mean arterial pressure or small infarction volume. Phase_VLF was a predictor of outcomes in the receiver operating characteristic analysis (area under the curve: 0.722; P<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that a phase_VLF value of <61° was independently associated with unfavorable outcomes (odds ratio=4.90; P=0.024). Conclusions- Phase_VLF is an independent functional outcome predictor of acute ischemic stroke.

KW - arterial pressure

KW - autoregulation

KW - blood pressure

KW - infarction

KW - odds ratio

KW - stroke

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