DNA polymerase theta repression enhances the docetaxel responsiveness in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer

Chia Hao Kuei, Hui Yu Lin, Min Hsuan Lin, Hsun Hua Lee, Che Hsuan Lin, Wei Jiunn Lee, Yen Lin Chen, Long Sheng Lu, Jing Quan Zheng, Ruei Chen Hung, Hui Wen Chiu, Kuan Chou Chen, Yuan Feng Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Objective: Docetaxel remains a main treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC); however, the development of docetaxel resistance has been found in some mCRPC patients. The aim of this work is to identify an effective biomarker for predicting therapeutic effectiveness of docetaxel in mCRPC patients. Methods: We examined DNA polymerase theta (POLQ) expression in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and Tissue microarray. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to estimate the prognostic significance of POLQ. A series of functional analyses were conducted in cell lines and xenograft models. Regulated pathways were predicted by Geneset Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) software and further investigated by luciferase reporter and RT-PCR assays. Results: We found that POLQ mRNA levels in CRPC tissues was significantly higher than that of other DNA polymerases in non-CRPC prostate tissues. POLQ upregulation was extensively detected in mCRPC and strongly predicted a poor prognosis. POLQ knockdown enhanced docetaxel sensitivity in a cell-based cytotoxicity assay and promoted the therapeutic effect on the tumor growth of metastatic PC-3M cells in xenograft models. The computational simulation by GSEA software significantly predicted the association between POLQ upregulation and the activation of E2F/G2M checkpoint-related pathways. Moreover, luciferase reporter and RT-PCR assays demonstrated that POLQ knockdown downregulated the transcriptional regulatory activity of E2F and repressed E2F/G2M checkpoint-regulated CDK1 in mCRPC cells. Conclusion: Our results suggest that POLQ serves as a predictive factor for poor docetaxel response and provide a novel strategy to enhance the anticancer effects of docetaxel therapy by targeting POLQ in mCRPC patients.

原文英語
文章編號165954
頁(從 - 到)165954
期刊Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
1866
發行號12
早期上線日期八月 30 2020
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

指紋 深入研究「DNA polymerase theta repression enhances the docetaxel responsiveness in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此