Cardiac glycosides (CGs), prescribed to treat congestive heart failure and arrhythmias, exert potent antitumor activity. In this study, divaricoside (DIV), a CG isolated from Strophanthus divaricatus was examined for its antitumor potency in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. Cell growth was inhibited by DIV in a dose- and time-dependent manner in SCC2095 and OECM-1 OSCC cells using MTT assays. DIV induced S and G2/M phase arrest accompanied by downregulation of phosphorylated CDC25C, CDC25C, and CDC2 in SCC2095 cells. In addition, DIV induced apoptosis by activating caspase-3 and downregulating the expression of Mcl-1. Furthermore, overexpression of Mcl-1 partially reversed DIV-induced death in SCC2095 cells. Additionally, western blot and transmission electron microscopy analyses also indicated that DIV induced autophagy in SCC2095 cells. However, the combination of autophagy inhibitor did not affect DIV-mediated apoptosis in SCC2095 cells. Together, these findings suggest that translational potential of DIV to be developed as a therapeutic agent for OSCC treatment.
|頁（從 - 到）||151-159|
|期刊||Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 一月 1 2019|
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