It was reported that paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) can be initiated by ectopic atrial beats originating from the pulmonary vein (PV) or left atrial tract (LAT) within the ligament of Marshall (LOM). The aim of this study was to differentiate the LAT from the PV potentials, and to investigate the results of radiofrequency ablation guided by these potentials. Ten patients (age 60 ± 12 years) with PAF who had a recording of double potentials (DPs) in or around the left PV were included. Group I had five patients with the second deflection of DPs (D2) due to activation of the LAT, and Group II had five patients with D2 due to activation of the PV musculature. There were no significant difference in the isoelectric interval between DPs, the activation time, and amplitude of D2 between Groups I and II. During distal coronary sinus (CS) pacing, the CS ostium (CSO) to D2 interval was shorter compared with that during sinus rhythm in Group I (39 ± 19 vs 71 ± 25 ms, P = 0.04), but was longer in Group II (96 ± 16 vs 44 ± 19 ms, P = 0.04). During ectopic activation, three patients in Group I, but no Group II patients, had transformation of recorded DPs into triple potentials. Radiofrequency ablation guided by the earliest activation of the LAT potential was performed with transient suppression of PAF, but ablation guided by the earliest activation of the PV potentials had a high success rate in eliminating PAF. In conclusion, differentiating the LAT from the PV potentials for initiation of PAF is feasible by an electrophysiological approach, and may be important for radiofrequency ablation of PAF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas