Whole-genome doubling (WGD) is an early macro-evolutionary event in tumorigenesis, involving the doubling of an entire chromosome complement. However, its impact on breast cancer subtypes remains unclear. Here, we performed a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of WGD and its influence on breast cancer subtypes in patients from Taiwan and consequently highlight the genomic association between WGD and homologous recombination deficiency (HRD). A higher manifestation of WGD was reported in triple-negative breast cancer, conferring high chromosomal instability (CIN), while HER2 + tumors exhibited early WGD events, with widely varied CIN levels, compared to luminal-type tumors. An association of higher activity of de novo indel signature 2 with WGD and HRD in Taiwanese breast cancer patients was reported. A control test between WGD and pseudo non-WGD samples was further employed to support this finding. The study provides a better comprehension of tumorigenesis in breast cancer subtypes, thus assisting in personalized treatment.
- 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)
- 農業與生物科學 (全部)