Differential efficacy of lymphocyte- and monocyte-selective pretreatment with a type 4 phosphodiesterase inhibitor on antigen-driven proliferation and cytokine gene expression

D. M. Essayan, S. K. Huang, A. Kagey-Sobotka, L. M. Lichtenstein

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

55 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Elevations of intracellular cyclic AMP, achieved with the use of phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors, cause functional downregulation of most inflammatory cells. Rolipram, an inhibitor selective for the PDE4 isozyme, can markedly downregulate antigen-driven proliferation and cytokine gene expression of unfractionated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. However, it is unclear whether PDE4 inhibitors in a mixed-cell system exert their immunosuppressive effect on the lymphocyte or on the monocyte fraction. We have used on adherence-based protocol for separating peripheral blood mononuclear cells, isolated from atopic individuals, into lymphocyte and monocyte fractions and have selectively treated these populations with rolipram prior to reconstituting the cell cultures to their original lymphocyte/monocyte proportions. Cellular responses to both ragweed and tetanus toxoid were analyzed for both proliferation and gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines. A dose-dependent downregulation of ragweed- and tetanus toxoid-driven proliferative responses was achieved by pretreatment of lymphocytes from peripheral blood with rolipram. This downregulation was significantly greater than that achieved with pretreatment of monocytes. Pretreatment of both populations failed to show synergistic downregulation of proliferation. Lymphocyte pretreatment with rolipram also resulted in marked downregulation of gene expression for IL-4, IL-5, and interferon-γ compared to monocyte pretreatment in both ragweed- and tetanus toxoid-driven systems. Interestingly, monocyte pretreatment in these systems resulted in significant downregulation of IL-2 gene expression compared to lymphocyte pretreatment. Flow cytometric analysis failed to show alterations in any of a panel of surface activation and signal transducing molecules by rolipram treatment with or without antigen stimulation. We conclude that, in a mixed cell system, PDE4 inhibitors downregulate antigen-driven proliferation and gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines predominantly through their effects on lymphocytes rather than monocytes.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)28-37
頁數10
期刊Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
99
發行號1 I
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 1997
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫學和過敏
  • 免疫學

指紋

深入研究「Differential efficacy of lymphocyte- and monocyte-selective pretreatment with a type 4 phosphodiesterase inhibitor on antigen-driven proliferation and cytokine gene expression」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此