Background: End stage renal disease (ESRD) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) have a higher risk of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). Aims: Whether ESRD patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) also carries a higher risk of PUB has not been studied. Methods: This was a cohort study using Taiwan's National Health Insurance research database, whereby 11,408 patients, including 2,239 PD, 2,328 HD, 2,267 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 4,574 controls with age-sex matching were recruited. The log-rank test was used to analyze differences in accumulated PUB-free survival rates between groups. Cox proportional hazard regression was performed to evaluate independent risk factors for PUB in all the enrollees. Results: During the 7-year follow-up, PD and CKD patients had a significantly higher rate of PUB than matched controls. The risk of PUB between PD and CKD was not significantly different. Moreover, patients receiving HD carried a higher risk of PUB than those receiving PD, with CKD and controls (p all <0.05, by log-rank test). Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that CKD (HR 3.99, 95 % CI 2.24-7.13), PD (HR 3.71, 95 % CI 2.00-6.87) and HD (HR 11.96, 95 % CI 7.04-20.31) were independently associated with an increased risk of PUB. Being elderly, male, having hypertension, diabetes, cirrhosis, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroid use were other independent risk factors of PUB in all enrollees. Conclusions: Patients with CKD and ESRD receiving PD or HD carried a higher risk for PUB. They should be screened for risk factors for PUB and receive some protective measures to prevent PUB.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Huang, K. W., Leu, H. B., Luo, J. C., Chan, W. L., Hou, M. C., Lin, H. C., Lee, F. Y., & Kuan, Y-C. (2014). Different peptic ulcer bleeding risk in chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease patients receiving different dialysis. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 59(4), 807-813. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-013-2973-6