Dietary supplementation and engaging in physical activity as predictors of coronary artery disease among middle-aged women

Ching Ching Tsai, Ming Hsiung Hsieh, Ai Hsien Li, Ping Ling Chen, Chii Jeng

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

Aim and objectives: To explore risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Background: Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of death among females. Risk factors for CAD vary due to differences in ethnicity, gender and age. However, few studies have documented risk factors among middle-aged women. Design: We employed a cross-sectional, comparative study design. Methods: Sixty-five middle-aged women who were suspected of having CAD and who received cardiac catheterisation were purposively sampled and divided into a CAD group (with at least one coronary artery with > 50% stenosis) and a control group, according to the results of catheterisation. Individual questionnaires regarding their medical history, blood test results, sociodemographic characteristics, metabolism, biomarkers and lifestyle risk factors were administered and quantified. Results: The mean age of the 65 women (31 CAD and 34 controls) was 56·2 years. Within the CAD group, there was a greater incidence of women with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM), increased fasting blood glucose and increased diastolic blood pressure. Comparatively fewer women within the CAD category used dietary supplements or had a lower level of physical activity. After adjusting for other confounders, it was discovered that women who used dietary supplements (OR = 0·28; p = 0·04) and engaged in physical activities (OR = 0·16; p = 0·02) were less likely to develop CAD. Conclusions: Use of dietary supplements and engaging in physical activities can significantly predict the incidence of CAD among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Relevance to clinical practice: Middle-aged women should be encouraged to take appropriate dietary supplements and engage in physical activity in order to prevent CAD.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2487-2498
頁數12
期刊Journal of Clinical Nursing
22
發行號17-18
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 九月 2013

指紋

Dietary Supplements
Coronary Artery Disease
Exercise
Taiwan
Blood Pressure
Incidence
Hematologic Tests
Cardiac Catheterization
Catheterization
Blood Glucose
Life Style
Cause of Death
Fasting
Coronary Vessels
Diabetes Mellitus
Pathologic Constriction
Cross-Sectional Studies
Biomarkers
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

引用此文

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title = "Dietary supplementation and engaging in physical activity as predictors of coronary artery disease among middle-aged women",
abstract = "Aim and objectives: To explore risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Background: Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of death among females. Risk factors for CAD vary due to differences in ethnicity, gender and age. However, few studies have documented risk factors among middle-aged women. Design: We employed a cross-sectional, comparative study design. Methods: Sixty-five middle-aged women who were suspected of having CAD and who received cardiac catheterisation were purposively sampled and divided into a CAD group (with at least one coronary artery with > 50{\%} stenosis) and a control group, according to the results of catheterisation. Individual questionnaires regarding their medical history, blood test results, sociodemographic characteristics, metabolism, biomarkers and lifestyle risk factors were administered and quantified. Results: The mean age of the 65 women (31 CAD and 34 controls) was 56·2 years. Within the CAD group, there was a greater incidence of women with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM), increased fasting blood glucose and increased diastolic blood pressure. Comparatively fewer women within the CAD category used dietary supplements or had a lower level of physical activity. After adjusting for other confounders, it was discovered that women who used dietary supplements (OR = 0·28; p = 0·04) and engaged in physical activities (OR = 0·16; p = 0·02) were less likely to develop CAD. Conclusions: Use of dietary supplements and engaging in physical activities can significantly predict the incidence of CAD among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Relevance to clinical practice: Middle-aged women should be encouraged to take appropriate dietary supplements and engage in physical activity in order to prevent CAD.",
keywords = "Coronary artery disease, Dietary supplement, Middle age, Physical activity, Women",
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AU - Tsai, Ching Ching

AU - Hsieh, Ming Hsiung

AU - Li, Ai Hsien

AU - Chen, Ping Ling

AU - Jeng, Chii

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - Aim and objectives: To explore risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Background: Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of death among females. Risk factors for CAD vary due to differences in ethnicity, gender and age. However, few studies have documented risk factors among middle-aged women. Design: We employed a cross-sectional, comparative study design. Methods: Sixty-five middle-aged women who were suspected of having CAD and who received cardiac catheterisation were purposively sampled and divided into a CAD group (with at least one coronary artery with > 50% stenosis) and a control group, according to the results of catheterisation. Individual questionnaires regarding their medical history, blood test results, sociodemographic characteristics, metabolism, biomarkers and lifestyle risk factors were administered and quantified. Results: The mean age of the 65 women (31 CAD and 34 controls) was 56·2 years. Within the CAD group, there was a greater incidence of women with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM), increased fasting blood glucose and increased diastolic blood pressure. Comparatively fewer women within the CAD category used dietary supplements or had a lower level of physical activity. After adjusting for other confounders, it was discovered that women who used dietary supplements (OR = 0·28; p = 0·04) and engaged in physical activities (OR = 0·16; p = 0·02) were less likely to develop CAD. Conclusions: Use of dietary supplements and engaging in physical activities can significantly predict the incidence of CAD among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Relevance to clinical practice: Middle-aged women should be encouraged to take appropriate dietary supplements and engage in physical activity in order to prevent CAD.

AB - Aim and objectives: To explore risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Background: Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of death among females. Risk factors for CAD vary due to differences in ethnicity, gender and age. However, few studies have documented risk factors among middle-aged women. Design: We employed a cross-sectional, comparative study design. Methods: Sixty-five middle-aged women who were suspected of having CAD and who received cardiac catheterisation were purposively sampled and divided into a CAD group (with at least one coronary artery with > 50% stenosis) and a control group, according to the results of catheterisation. Individual questionnaires regarding their medical history, blood test results, sociodemographic characteristics, metabolism, biomarkers and lifestyle risk factors were administered and quantified. Results: The mean age of the 65 women (31 CAD and 34 controls) was 56·2 years. Within the CAD group, there was a greater incidence of women with a history of diabetes mellitus (DM), increased fasting blood glucose and increased diastolic blood pressure. Comparatively fewer women within the CAD category used dietary supplements or had a lower level of physical activity. After adjusting for other confounders, it was discovered that women who used dietary supplements (OR = 0·28; p = 0·04) and engaged in physical activities (OR = 0·16; p = 0·02) were less likely to develop CAD. Conclusions: Use of dietary supplements and engaging in physical activities can significantly predict the incidence of CAD among middle-aged women in Taiwan. Relevance to clinical practice: Middle-aged women should be encouraged to take appropriate dietary supplements and engage in physical activity in order to prevent CAD.

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KW - Dietary supplement

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KW - Women

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