Garlic and its related products (such as black garlic) exhibit multiple biological functions and attributed to the presence of organo-sulphur compounds. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of garlic-derived organo-sulphur compounds [including diallyl sulphide (DAS), diallyl disulphide (DADS), diallyl trisulphide (DATS), S-allylcysteine (SAC), and S-allyl-L-cysteine sulphoxide (alliin)] on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The result indicated that DATS significantly decreased the intracellular triacylglycerol, oil red O-stained material (OROSM), and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity and significantly increased the adiponectin production in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Real-time RT-PCR analysis showed that DATS decreased the gene levels of adipogenesis (C/EBPα, PPARγ, ACC, and FAS), fatty acid transport (aP2, CD36, and LPL), and adipocytokines (leptin, MCP-1, PAI-1, and resistin), and increased the gene levels of fatty acid oxidation (PGC-1β and UCP1) and adiponectin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. DATS is capable of inhibiting adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes possibly through regulation of gene levels of lipogenesis, lipolysis, and adipokines.
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